was England fighting the Dutch?
is a brief summary of several detailed articles from Wikipedia plus links
to some references to the Dutch Wars in The Diary.
were four Anglo-Dutch wars.
Anglo-Dutch War was 1652-54.
They were caused by trade disputes.
The First Dutch war brought control of the seas around England to the
English Navy and gave the English a monopoly on trade with England and
Anglo-Dutch War was fought from March 4th 1665 to July 31st 1667
In 1664 James, Duke of York, brother to Charles II sought
personal gain from controlling trade routes and particularly by taking
over the Dutch West India Company. Attacking Dutch colonies and trading
posts in Africa and America the Dutch retaliated and Charles declared
war on the Netherlands in 1665.
In 1667 the Dutch
even invaded the River Medway. Read Pepys'
preparations and his later report.
Van Soest, Attack on the River Medway June 1667
|In June, 1667, De Ruyter, with Cornelis de Witt supervising, launched
the Dutch "Raid on the Medway" at the mouth of the River
After capturing the fort at Sheerness, the Dutch fleet went on to
break through the massive chain protecting the entrance to the Medway
and, on the 13th, attacked the laid up English fleet.
The daring raid remains England's greatest naval disaster ever.
Fifteen of the Navy's remaining ships were destroyed, either by the
Dutch or by being scuttled by the English to block the river. Three
of the eight remaining "big ships" were burnt: Royal Oak,
the new Loyal London and Royal James. The largest, the English flagship
HMS Royal Charles, was abandoned by its skeleton crew, captured without
a shot being fired, and towed back to the Netherlands as a trophy.
Third Anglo-Dutch War was fought from 1672 to 1674
England joined France when it invaded the Netherlands in
1672. Charles II hoped to win Amsterdam, the richest city in Europe. The
Dutch government collapsed and William III of Orange came to the throne.
"Ironically, the English thus waged war against their future king
William III of England."
This included The
Battle of Solebay in May 1672. Wikipedia
Battle of Solebay by De Velde
Fourth Anglo-Dutch War took place in 1780-84 and is therefore beyond
our time scale.
to the Dutch Wars in The Diary
I met with Mr. Coventry, who himself is
now full of talke of a Dutch warr; for it seems the Lords have concurred
in the Commons' vote about it; and so the next week it will be presented
to the King
met with Mr. Coventry, and
he and I discoursed of the likeliness of a Dutch warr, which I think is
very likely now, for the Dutch do prepare a fleet to oppose us at Guinny,
"We go now on
with great vigour in preparing against the Dutch"
to St. James's, and there did our business
with the Duke, who tells us more and more signs of a Dutch warr, and how
we must presently set out a fleete for Guinny, for the Dutch are doing
so, and there I believe the warr will begin
certain newes that
the Dutch have taken some of our colliers to the North
my Lord Sandwich
sailed thence with the fleete, that evening some Dutch men of warr were
seen on the back side of the Goodwin
the fleete is all sailed
from Solebay, having spied the Dutch fleete at sea
the Dutch fleete
being abroad, eighty-five of them still
they were in sight of
the Dutch fleete, and were fitting themselves to fight them
the Dutch had appeared
upon our coast with their fleete
to have beat the
Dutch; but of his 55 ships, not above 25 fought. He did give an account
that it was a fight he was forced to...
the Dutch are known
to be abroad with eighty sail of ships of war
"The Dutch fleet
of 80 sail has anchored in the bay; they were expected to land ..."